The Cancer-Obesity Time Bomb – Malignancies are on the rise in the most obese generation in history @ Being overweight or obese has been linked to at least 13 types of cancer & Vídeo sobre / Video about: A Realidade é Real? A teoria da Simulação – Is Reality Real? The Simulation Argument & Leadership & World Change with Barack Obama @ NASA Attaches First of 4 RS-25 Engines to Artemis I Rocket Stage @ EARA News Digest 2019 – Week 44 – Spanish study increases lifespan of mice without genetic alterations – Groundbreaking drug to slow Alzheimer’s disease – Celebrating 50 years of alternatives to animal testing – Free event in Portugal to talk about openness in animal research @ The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity – People who have obesity, compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions´´ @ ´´Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.´´

 

http://eara.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/EARA-News-Digest-2019-Week-44.pdf http://eara.eu/en/about-us/ http://eara.eu/en/animal-research/statistics/

https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/sls/multimedia/first-of-4-rs25-engines-attached-to-artemis-rocket-stage.html http://eara.eu/en/animal-research/animal-research-statistics-europe/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-cancer-obesity-time-bomb/?fbclid=IwAR3BS6EkP9DbrOvvHdP81WEyzcfbWkyVf_eO5rpAfAFOsiOQKequXudl19Y

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SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN OCTOBER 2019

The Cancer-Obesity Time Bomb

Malignancies are on the rise in the most obese generation in history

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Most of us recognize that obesity is not a benign condition. Diabetes, arthritis, plus heart, liver and gallbladder diseases commonly plague folks who carry major excess poundage. Less familiar is the risk of cancer. Being overweight or obese has been linked to at least 13 types of cancer. Obesity more than doubles the risk of the most common forms of uterine and esophageal cancer. It raises the risk of tumors of the colon, gallbladder, kidney, liver, pancreas, upper stomach and brain membranes by 50 to 80 percent compared with adults at a healthy weight, and it ups the odds for multiple myeloma and cancers of the breast, ovary and thyroid.

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The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity

People who have obesity, compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions, including the following:1,2,3

Photo: Woman standing on a scale
  • All-causes of death (mortality)
  • High blood pressure (Hypertension)
  • High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
  • Sleep apnea and breathing problems
  • Many types of cancerexternal icon
  • Low quality of life
  • Mental illness such as clinical depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders4,5
  • Body pain and difficulty with physical functioning6

For more information about these and other health problems associated with overweight and obesity, visit Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults pdf icon[PDF-1.25MB]external icon.

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Want to learn more?

What Are the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity?external icon
Learn about the risks for adults from many diseases and conditions, by National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NIH).

Weight Loss – American Diabetes Associationexternal icon*
Did you know that nearly 9 out of 10 people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes are overweight? If you are overweight, losing some weight could help you better manage your diabetes.

CDC’s Obesity and Overweight
Obesity trends, economic consequences, state-based programs and other resources for the health professional.

*Overweight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher; obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher.

References

1NHLBI. 2013. Managing Overweight and Obesity in Adults: Systematic Evidence Review from the Obesity Expert Panel. pdf icon[PDF-5.89MB]external icon

2Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. pdf icon[PDF-1.25MB]external icon

3Bhaskaran K, Douglas I, Forbes H, dos-Santos-Silva I, Leon DA, Smeeth L. Body-mass index and risk of 22 specific cancers: a population-based cohort study of 5•24 million UK adults. Lancet. 2014 Aug 30;384(9945):755-65. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60892-8. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

4Kasen, Stephanie, et al. “Obesity and psychopathology in women: a three decade prospective study.” International Journal of Obesity 32.3 (2008): 558-566.

5Luppino, Floriana S., et al. “Overweight, obesity, and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.”Archives of general psychiatry 67.3 (2010): 220-229.

6Roberts, Robert E., et al. “Prospective association between obesity and depression: evidence from the Alameda County Study.” International journal of obesity 27.4 (2003): 514-521.

 

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