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The influence of physical activity in the progression of experimental lung cancer in mice
- PMID: 22683274
- DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.04.006
GRUPO_AF1 – GROUP AFA1 – Aerobic Physical Activity – Atividade Física Aeróbia – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
GRUPO AFAN 1 – GROUP AFAN1 – Anaerobic Physical Activity – Atividade Física Anaeróbia – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
GRUPO_AF2 – GROUP AFA2 – Aerobic Physical Activity – Atividade Física Aeróbia – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
GRUPO AFAN 2 – GROUP AFAN 2 – Anaerobic Physical Activity – Atividade Física Anaeróbia – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
Slides – mestrado – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
DMBA CARCINOGEN IN EXPERIMENTAL MODELS
Avaliação da influência da atividade física aeróbia e anaeróbia na progressão do câncer de pulmão experimental – Summary – Resumo – ´´My´´ Dissertation – Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio Preto
Lung cancer is one of the most incident neoplasms in the world, representing the main cause of mortality for cancer. Many epidemiologic studies have suggested that physical activity may reduce the risk of lung cancer, other works evaluate the effectiveness of the use of the physical activity in the suppression, remission and reduction of the recurrence of tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aerobic and anaerobic physical activity in the development and the progression of lung cancer. Lung tumors were induced with a dose of 3mg of urethane/kg, in 67 male Balb – C type mice, divided in three groups: group 1_24 mice treated with urethane and without physical activity; group 2_25 mice with urethane and subjected to aerobic swimming free exercise; group 3_18 mice with urethane, subjected to anaerobic swimming exercise with gradual loading 5-20% of body weight. All the animals were sacrificed after 20 weeks, and lung lesions were analyzed. The median number of lesions (nodules and hyperplasia) was 3.0 for group 1, 2.0 for group 2 and 1.5-3 (p=0.052). When comparing only the presence or absence of lesion, there was a decrease in the number of lesions in group 3 as compared with group 1 (p=0.03) but not in relation to group 2. There were no metastases or other changes in other organs. The anaerobic physical activity, but not aerobic, diminishes the incidence of experimental lung tumors.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Top 10 Most Popular Artificial Intelligence Books Of All Time
Searching for Best Artificial Intelligence Books? let’s take a look at the world’s best top 10 most popular Artificial Intelligence Books of all time
1. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies
- Author: Nick Bostrom
- Publisher: Oxford
- About this Book:
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains.
If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species that would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence.
But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation?
To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity’s cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.
2. Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd Edition)
- Author: Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig
- Publisher: Pearson
- About this Book:
Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, 3e offers the most comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence. Number one in its field, this textbook is ideal for one or two-semester, undergraduate or graduate-level courses in Artificial Intelligence.
3. Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
- Author: Max Tegmark
- Publisher: Vintage
- About this Book:
How will Artificial Intelligence affect crime, war, justice, jobs, society and our very sense of being human? The rise of AI has the potential to transform our future more than any other technology -and there’s nobody better qualified or situated to explore that future than Max Tegmark, an MIT professor who’s helped mainstream research on how to keep AI beneficial.
How can we grow our prosperity through automation without leaving people lacking income or purpose? What career advice should we give today’s kids? How can we make future AI systems more robust, so that they do what we want without crashing, malfunctioning or getting hacked? Should we fear an arms race in lethal autonomous weapons? Will machines eventually outsmart us at all tasks, replacing humans on the job market and perhaps altogether? Will AI help life flourish like never before or give us more power than we can handle?
What sort of future do you want? This book empowers you to join what may be the most important conversation of our time. It doesn’t shy away from the full range of viewpoints or from the most controversial issues – from superintelligence to meaning, consciousness and the ultimate physical limits on life in the cosmos.
4. AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order
- Author: Kai-Fu Lee
- Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
- About this Book:
Dr. Kai-Fu Lee – one of the world’s most respected experts on AI and China – reveals that China has suddenly caught up to the US at an astonishingly rapid and unexpected pace.
In AI Superpowers, Kai-fu Lee argues powerfully that because of these unprecedented developments in AI, dramatic changes will be happening much sooner than many of us expected. Indeed, as the US-Sino AI competition begins to heat up, Lee urges the US and China to both accept and to embrace the great responsibilities that come with significant technological power. Most experts already say that AI will have a devastating impact on blue-collar jobs. But Lee predicts that Chinese and American AI will have a strong impact on white-collar jobs as well. Is universal basic income the solution? In Lee’s opinion, probably not. But he provides a clear description of which jobs will be affected and how soon, which jobs can be enhanced with AI, and most importantly, how we can provide solutions to some of the most profound changes in human history that are coming soon.
5. My Journey into AI: The Story Behind the Man Who Helped Launch 5 A.I. Companies Worth $25 Billion
- Author: Dr. Kai-Fu Lee
- Publisher: Cranberry Press
- About this Book:
On the Eve of the AI era, it is perfect timing to read an AI expert’s autobiography, to learn about Dr. Kai-Fu Lee, the author of “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley & the New World,” also available on Amazon. This is the first and only authorized English version of Dr. Lee’s autobiography. The original Chinese version of the sold 1.2 million copies in China in 2009 as a best seller of the year over there. Evidently, this autobiography is full of spellbinding stories.
A natural-born pioneer, Dr. Lee has explored uncharted territories and developed new fields in the high-tech world. In addition, his Chinese American background has enabled him to effectively bridge corporate America with the China market. He recounts all his career experiences with Apple, Microsoft, and Google as well as his own technological achievements in this amazing autobiography.
Dr. Lee was once the focus of a media sensation in 2005 when Microsoft and Google fought over him in court. He shocked the media again in 2009 by resigning from the position of Google China’s president. There have been many speculations about the two incidents, behind which some insider stories are exclusively told in this book.
The autobiography depicts not only Dr. Lee but also several prominent high-tech leaders he has worked within the past two decades. It gets up close and personal with Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Steve Ballmer, Eric Schmidt, Larry Page, and Sergey Brin. It contains their anecdotes hardly ever known to the general public.
6. How Smart Machines Think (The MIT Press)
- Author: Sean Gerrish and Kevin Scott
- Publisher: The MIT Press
- About this Book:
The future is here: Self-driving cars are on the streets, an algorithm gives you movie and TV recommendations, IBM’s Watson triumphed on Jeopardy over puny human brains, computer programs can be trained to play Atari games. But how do all these things work? In this book, Sean Gerrish offers an engaging and accessible overview of the breakthroughs in artificial intelligence and machine learning that have made today’s machines so smart.
Gerrish outlines some of the key ideas that enable intelligent machines to perceive and interact with the world. He describes the software architecture that allows self-driving cars to stay on the road and to navigate crowded urban environments; the million-dollar Netflix competition for a better recommendation engine (which had an unexpected ending); and how programmers trained computers to perform certain behaviors by offering them treats as if they were training a dog. He explains how artificial neural networks enable computers to perceive the world – and to play Atari video games better than humans. He explains Watson’s famous victory on Jeopardy, and he looks at how computers play games, describing AlphaGo and Deep Blue, which beat reigning world champions at the strategy games of Go and chess. Computers have not yet mastered everything, however; Gerrish outlines the difficulties in creating intelligent agents that can successfully play video games like StarCraft that have evaded solution – at least for now.
Gerrish weaves the stories behind these breakthroughs into the narrative, introducing readers to many of the researchers involved, and keeping technical details to a minimum. Science and technology buffs will find this book an essential guide to a future in which machines can outsmart people.
7. Human + Machine: Reimagining Work in the Age of AI
- Author: Paul R. Daugherty and H. James Wilson
- Publisher: Harvard Business Press
- About this Book:
The author’s goal in publishing Human + Machine is to help executives, workers, students, and others navigate the changes that AI is making to business and the economy. They believe AI will bring innovations that truly improve the way the world works and lives. However, AI will cause disruption, and many people will need education, training, and support to prepare for the newly created jobs. To support this need, the authors are donating the royalties received from the sale of this book to fund education and retraining programs focused on developing fusion skills for the age of artificial intelligence.
Look around you. Artificial intelligence is no longer just a futuristic notion. It’s here right now – in software that senses what we need, supply chains that “think” in real time, and robots that respond to changes in their environment. Twenty-first-century pioneer companies are already using AI to innovate and grow fast. The bottom line is this: Businesses that understand how to harness AI can surge ahead. Those that neglect it will fall behind. Which side are you on?
In Human + Machine, Accenture leaders Paul R. Daugherty and H. James (Jim) Wilson show that the essence of the AI paradigm shift is the transformation of all business processes within an organization–whether related to breakthrough innovation, everyday customer service, or personal productivity habits. As humans and smart machines collaborate ever more closely, work processes become more fluid and adaptive, enabling companies to change them on the fly – or to completely reimagine them. AI is changing all the rules of how companies operate.
Based on the authors’ experience and research with 1,500 organizations, the book reveals how companies are using the new rules of AI to leap ahead on innovation and profitability, as well as what you can do to achieve similar results. It describes six entirely new types of hybrid human + machine roles that every company must develop, and it includes a “leader’s guide” with the five crucial principles required to become an AI – fueled business.
8. Silicon Minds: The Science, Impact, and Promise of Artificial Intelligence
- Author: Thien-Nam Dinh and Daniel Frumkin
- About this Book:
For the curious mind, there is perhaps no more intriguing a subject than artificial intelligence in the early 21st century. In Silicon Minds: The Science, Impact, and Promise of Artificial Intelligence, author Thien-Nam Dinh draws on his years of experience to tackle the big questions in AI and present them in a way that even a human can understand.
This book will address these questions and the below topics:
a. What is AI?
b. Sectors of AI
d. NLP – Natural Language Processing
e. Machine Learning and Deep Learning
f. Symbolic AI
g. AI in daily life
h. Applications of AI for business
i. Future Trends of AI
j. The dangers and dark side of AI and more
9. Artificial Intelligence: Confronting the Revolution
- Author: James Adams and Richard Kletter
- Publisher: Endeavour Media
- About this Book:
In this Book, Adam and Kletter clearly explain the potential and likely ramifications of AI. They show how ill-prepared we are for the forthcoming ‘fourth industrial revolution’ and look at how human beings might fare as it unfolds. Meticulously researched and extensively referenced, this guidebook to the brave new world is written by two highly credible authors, who use all of their experience, insight, and contacts to give readers a privileged look into that which is to come. This is surely a ‘must read’ for anybody who takes an interest in current affairs and social history, as well as those with an interest in technology.
10. The Simulation Hypothesis: An MIT Computer Scientist Shows Why AI, Quantum Physics and Eastern Mystics All Agree We Are In a Video Game
- Author: Rizwan Virk
- Publisher: Bayview Books
- About this Book:
The Simulation Hypothesis, by best-selling author, renowned MIT computer scientist and Silicon Valley video game designer Rizwan Virk, explains one of the most daring and consequential theories of our time.
“In this book, Riz Virk combines the mind of a scientist with the heart of a mystic, using video games to explain the virtual reality that we live in.”
“The Simulation Hypothesis presents a radical alternative to current models of reality. Riz Virk’s book, relying on his unique experience designing digital games, results in a stunning reappraisal of what it means to be human in an infinite universe.”
That’s it for Today. We will soon come back with a new collection of AI Books. For more updates, Stay tuned with us on Insane.